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What are the parietal and hippocampal contributions to spatial cognition?

What are the parietal and hippocampal contributions to spatial cognition?

a discussion

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Published by Royal Society in London .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Statementedited by N. Burgess, K. J. Jeffery and J. O"Keefe.
SeriesPhilosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London -- vol. 352, pp. 1395-1543, no. 1360
ContributionsBurgess, N., Jeffrey, K. J., O"Keefe, J., Royal Society.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19300637M

Memory impairment is a consistent feature of the schizophrenic syndrome. Hippocampal dysfunction has also been consistently demonstrated. This review will discuss neurophysiological and neuroanatomical aspects of memory formation and how they relate to memory impairment in schizophrenia. An understanding of the cellular physiology and connectivity of the hippocampus with other regions can Cited by: Prefrontal-thalamo-hippocampal circuit contributions to spatial working memory. Author This circuit is thought to be critically important for spatial working memory (the ability to flexibly maintain and use trial-specific spatial information within a testing session). dHC-mPFC interactions have been shown to correlate with spatial working.   (v) Human spatial cognition: functions of the hippocampal formation and wider navigation network. One of the central motivations for animal research on the hippocampal formation is to shed light on its function in the human brain. Although this issue focuses on the spatial functions of the system, the hippocampus has a more general role in by: The effects of hippocampal and parietal cortex lesions on memory for an object/spatial location paired associate task in rats, Society for Neuroscience, San Diego, CA. Poster, Presented, Hopkins, R. O. and Kesner, R. P. (, November).


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What are the parietal and hippocampal contributions to spatial cognition? Download PDF EPUB FB2

A considerable amount of work has been carried out investigating the neural mechanisms underlying spatial memory. This is a timely and well-constructed book that brings together work from influential researchers investigating the hippocampal and Author: M.

Good. Introduction to 'What are the parietal and hippocampal contributions to spatial cognition?', the proceedings of a Discussion held at The Royal Society on 19 and 20 March Bringing together notable experts on a variety of topics, such as neuroscience, perception, memory, and language, this book offers a broad yet detailed overview of spatial cognition, a What are the parietal and hippocampal contributions to spatial cognition?

book that studies how humans and animals acquire and utilize knowledge from their : The neurological bases of spatial cognition are further discussed, emphasizing the two brain areas supporting spatial cognition: the right parietal lobe and the hippocampus; some neuroimaging.

Hippocampal function in cognition. Sweatt JD(1). Author information: to play a major role in bringing together environmental signals and producing a cohesive and unified percept in the spatial and temporal domains. This new view of the role of the hippocampus in cognition fits strikingly well with models for schizophrenia hypothesizing Cited by:   A growing volume of data supports the notion that the associative parietal cortex (APC) in rodents plays an important role in the processing of spatial information.

The present paper reviews the literature and available data, emphasizing the respective contribution of the APC and the hippocampus to spatial by: Parietal Cortex and Hippocampal Contributions to Rule­Based Spatial Spatial cognition, or navigating through the various environments you encounter daily, is a A lesser known, but equally critical brain region implicated in spatial cognition is the parietal.

Quintana J, Fuster JM. Spatial and temporal factors in the role of prefrontal and parietal cortex in visuomotor integration. Cereb Cortex. Mar-Apr; 3 (2)– Rolls ET. Functions of the primate hippocampus in spatial and nonspatial memory.

Hippocampus. Jul; 1 (3)–Cited by:   Hippocampal‐parietal cortical interactions in spatial cognition Hippocampal‐parietal cortical interactions in spatial cognition Save, Etienne; Poucet, Bruno ABSTRACT: Growing evidence suggests that the associative parietal cortex (APC) of the rat is involved in the processing of spatial information.

This observation raises the issue of the respective functions of the. The hippocampus (via Latin from Greek ἱππόκαμπος, "seahorse") is a major component of the brain of humans and other and other mammals have two hippocampi, one in each side of the hippocampus is part of the limbic system, and plays important roles in the consolidation of information from short-term memory to long-term memory, and in spatial memory that MeSH: D In addition, recent investigations also suggest that the mechanistic properties and functional processing features of the hippocampus permit broader contributions to cognition, beyond memory, to the domains of attention, decision-making, language, social cognition, and a variety of other capacities that are critical for flexible cognition and 4/4(1).

Development of memory for spatial context: Hippocampal and cortical contributions. We found age differences in hippocampal, parietal and prefrontal activation. Age-related differences in hippocampal contribution to retrieval of spatial context.

Hippocampal recruitment in our adult sample was consistent with other adult neuroimaging Cited by: The parietal cortex consists of several prominent anatomical regions in the posterior part of the human brain.

Although very heterogeneous stimuli and tasks activate parietal brain regions, a large body of empirical evidence points to a particular role of the posterior parietal cortex in spatial by: In cognitive psychology and neuroscience, spatial memory is a form of memory responsible for the recording of information about one's environment and spatial orientation.

For example, a person's spatial memory is required in order to navigate around a familiar city, just as a rat's spatial memory is needed to learn the location of food at the end of a maze. central role in spatial cognition, cells with related spatial properties (notably Head Direction cells) are found in other brain regions.

Anatomical sketch of the hippocampal formation The hippocampal formation includes the hippocampus proper and the adjacent cortical areas to which it is connected. Intergrating hippocampal and parietal functions: a spatial point of view. The hippocampal and parietal foundations of spatial cognition (eds N Burgess, KJ Jeffery, J O'Keefe), pp.

3– Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. Google ScholarCited by: Hippocampal and Medial Prefrontal Involvement in Spatial Working-Memory Spatial working memory (SWM), or the ability to acquire, maintain, and apply spatially relevant information over a short temporal gap, involves the cooperative activity of both the hippocampus.

The hippocampus has long been considered a critical substrate in the neurobiology, neuropsychology, and cognitive neuroscience of memory. Over the past few decades, a number of ground-breaking theoretical and methodological advances have radically enhanced our understanding of the structure and function of the hippocampus and revolutionized the neuroscientific study of memory.4/5(1).

Egocentric spatial language uses coordinates in relation to our body to talk about small-scale space ('put the knife on the right of the plate and the fork on the left'), while geocentric spatial language uses geographic coordinates ('put the knife to the east, and the fork to the west').Cited by:   Since the first place cell was recorded and the cognitive-map theory was subsequently formulated, investigation of spatial representation in the hippocampal formation has evolved in by: The posterior parietal cortex and non-spatial cognition Yumiko Yamazaki1,2, Teruo Hashimoto1 and Atsushi Iriki1* Addresses: 1Laboratory for Symbolic Cognitive Development, RIKEN Brain Science Institute, Hirosawa, Wako-shi, SaitamaJapan; 2Graduate School of Human Relations, Keio University, Mita, Minato-ku, TokyoJapan File Size: KB.

Spatial navigation and the firing of hippocampal place cells can be driven as much by what an animal knows about its spatial world as by what it immediately experiences at a given location.

If presented first with a set of spatially orienting cues, which are then removed during a test, navigation to a place of reward is accurate and place cells still fire in their correct locations despite the Cited by: Knowing who we are, and where we are, are two fundamental aspects of our physical and mental experience.

Although the domains of spatial and social cognition are often studied independently, a few recent areas of scholarship have explored the interactions of place and self. This fits in with increasing evidence for embodied theories of cognition, where mental processes are grounded in action Cited by: The present book conveys the current view of parietal lobe functions, centering around the idea that parietal lobe areas act as true sensorimotor interfaces contributing to the sensory guidance of movement and to the perception of space by offering non-sensory, mental representations of space suited to the needs of the specific task.

Abstract. Humans are uniquely able to retrieve and combine words into syntactic structure to produce connected speech. Previous identification of focal brain regions necessary for production focused primarily on associations with the content produced by speakers with chronic stroke, where function may have shifted to other regions after reorganization occurred.

Modeling Hippocampal and Neocortical Contributions to Recognition Memory: A Complementary Learning Systems Approach Kenneth A.

Norman and Randall C. O’Reilly [email protected], [email protected] in press, Psychological Review 29th August, This version may differ in minor ways from the final published version. The precise functional role of the hippocampus remains a topic of much debate.

The dominant view is that the dorsal (or posterior) hippocampus is implicated in memory and Cited by: Szczepanski SM, Saalmann YB () Human fronto-parietal and parieto-hippocampal pathways represent behavioral priorities in multiple spatial reference frames. BioArchitecture 3: Fiebelkorn IC, Saalmann YB, Kastner S () Rhythmic sampling within and between objects despite sustained attention at a cued location.

Current Biology PREFRONTAL-THALAMO-HIPPOCAMPAL CIRCUIT CONTRIBUTIONS TO SPATIAL WORKING MEMORY by Henry L. Hallock Approved: _____ Robert F. Simons, Ph.D. Chair of the Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences Approved: _____Author: Henry L. Hallock. hippocampal lesions displayed deficits in coordinate spatial learn-ing tasks, but behaved normally in categorical tasks.

On the other hand, rats with parietal lesions showed significant impairments in categorical spatial memory tasks but not in coordinate tasks. Thus, whereas the human literature has suggested a hemi. spatial cognition needs to start from the fact that space is a primary driver of neural firing al., ).

Hippocampal contributions appear particularly pronounced when patients with hippocampal lesions have to remember multiple spatial routes to different locations or several the Hippocampal Formation and the Parietal Cortex, edited by.

1 INTRODUCTION. The hippocampus is well known for its role in declarative memory and spatial navigation. In recent years, however, an increasing number of studies specifically designed to rule out any mnemonic elements, have put the hippocampus in the spotlight of perceptual processes (for a review, see Lee, Yeung, & Barense, ).Initial studies showed that hippocampal patients exhibit Author: Maximilian F.

Hauser, Stefanie Heba, Tobias Schmidt‐Wilcke, Tobias Schmidt‐Wilcke, Martin Tegenth. Retrosplenial cortex (RSC) has fallen within the scope of memory research for at least 40 years and yet as Vann et al.

() pointed out in their recent comprehensive review, little was discovered about the structure for the first 90 years after Brodmann first identified the early s, a growing body of evidence has implicated the RSC variously in spatial memory, navigation Cited by: The hippocampus and attention - Volume 10 Issue 1 - Gordon Winocur Skip to main content Accessibility help We use cookies to distinguish you from other users Cited by: 3.

Spatial and temporal perception and cognition are performed in widespread overlapping cortical networks that connect with the hippocampus via the parahippocampal cortex (PHC), which is a major cortical input to the medial entorhinal cortex (MEC).

MEC then sends merged spatial-temporal information to hippocampal areas CA3 and by: Based on their importance to spatial cognition, candidate brain regions for supporting spatial coherency include the parahippocampal place area (PPA) and hippocampus (HC).

Investigations of the representational content of these two regions suggest that they each contribute to spatial processing in qualitatively different by: 6. The hippocampal formation (HPC) and medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) have well-established roles in memory encoding and retrieval.

However, the mechanisms underlying interactions between the HPC and mPFC in achieving these functions is not fully understood.

Considerable research supports the idea that a direct pathway from the HPC and subiculum to the mPFC is critically involved Cited by: Neuropharmacology 37 () – Review Hippocampal contributions to cortical plasticity L.

Nadel a,*, M. Moscovitch b a Department of Psychology, Uni6ersity of Arizona, Tucson, AZUSA b Department of Psychology, Erindale Campus, Uni6ersity of Toronto, Mississauga, Ontario, Canada Accepted 23 March Abstract The hippocampal complex and neocortex are both integrally.

Neural Correlates of a Spatial Learning Task in Parietal Cortex, Prefrontal Cortex and Hippocampus N. Becker, M.W. Jones School of Physiology & Pharmacology, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom. @ Learning and execution of complex behaviours require interactions between networks of neurons that encode.

Recent experiments indicate the need for revision of a model of spatial memory consisting of viewpoint-specific representations, egocentric spatial updating and a geometric module for reorientation. Instead, it appears that both egocentric and allocentric representations exist in parallel, and combine to support behavior according to the by:.

This nonspatial theory of hippocampal function can account for effects of hippocampal damage on spatial memory performance [15; but 19]. For instance, in the Morris water maze, rats with hippocampal damage can find the goal when conditions do not require flexible use of past learning but fail when conditions require inference [20].hippocampal representations, the outcome of this computation will determine the extent to which representational detail can be achieved in the latter.

Therefore, the more involved the cerebellum is in differ-entiating (and thus the better its patterns differentiate between the two spatial changes), the more detailed the resulting hippocampal rep-Author: Maximilian F.

A. Hauser, Stefanie Heba, Tobias Schmidt‐Wilcke, Tobias Schmidt‐Wilcke, Martin Tegenth.No part of this book may be reproduced in any form, by photostat, microform, retrieval system, or any other means, as a Cognitive Map came The Hippocampal and Parietal Foundations of Spatial Cognition (Burgess, Jeffery, & O’Keefe, ).

The contributions of these experts in .